Official ©rgan of tfje Btocesfe of J^ortf) Carolina
RALEIGH, N. C, JANUARY, 1933
THE CAROLINA CHURCHMAN
A GOOD WORKMAN RESTS
(Editorial in Lexington Dispatch.)
A laborer who was worthy of his hire entered upon en-
joyment of his reward when Rev. Wilmot S. Holmes laid
down the working tools of his 'craft. He was one who
worked without boasting, whose good works were not done
to be seen of men. He trod the quieter lanes of life and
perhaps he was happier that fate had so disposed his feet
to their direction.
Mr. Holmes was a very human man, hence a very sin-
cere Christian. Religion for him was not merely some-
thing for the minister to preach and teach, which he did
faithfully and effectively, but something to be lived with
even greater effectiveness. The full story of how much he
lived Christ among his people, among the humble, the dis-
tressed and friendless, may never fully be told. Much of
this he treasured in his own consciousness. But such works
are a lamp that cannot be hid, and men do know of them
and they will long be appreciated in this community to
which this splendid man gave eleven of the richest years
of his life. He kept his eye on the shining goal and did
not permit himself to be lightly diverted by things that
perhaps vex others too much at times. He was a quiet
man, a peaceful man, but he was a man of strength and
courage justifying the estimate of those who knew him
that here was a good man.
According to the Canons of the Japanese Church (Nippon
Seikokwai) all candidates for Holy Orders must serve at
least one year as catechists before they are ordained dea-
cons. Three deacons and one priest were ordained in the
Diocese of North Tokyo this summer. All were graduates
of St. Paul's College and the Central Theological College,
Tokyo. Two of the deacons continue serving the churches
where they worked as catechists, one comes to the General
Theological Seminary for post-graduate study, and the
priest is to assist the Rev. James Chappell who is in
charge of five missions in the North Tokyo Diocese.
The wilderness and the desert can blossom in Nevada
in their season. "Clover Valley has a pleasant little church
in a most lovely setting," writes a California friend now
visiting Nevada. "To drive there from a distance in the
summer, one passes acres of wild flowers, sweet peas,
geraniums, blue-bells, larkspur, and thickets of wild roses."
The Church is cared for by the Rev. F. C. Taylor from
Elko, sixty-five miles away.
A little Jewish girl came so irregularly to the reading-
room maintained by the Church's mission to Jews on
Long Island that she was asked what was the matter, and
she explained that she and her sister had only one dress
between them. A woman who heard the story took the
little girl to the nearest store and bought her a simple
dress. The child barely had time to get home before her
mother, a Spanish Jewess, arrived at the mission, over-
whelmed, and said that her family had suffered much in
this country from unfriendliness and even persecution,
and this gift was the first act of kindness any of them had
ever received from any Christian.
When St. Paul heard the question, "Why persecutest
thou Me?" he answered, according to a mission school boy
in India, "What has happened, has happened, and can't
be helped, but in future I shan't do it again."
HISTORICAL MAGAZINE OF THE
PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH
! The; attention of churchmen in the Carolinas is
directed to the extremely valuable article by the late
Bishop Cheshire on The Fundamental Constitutions of
North Carolina. It is the fast contribution to come
from the gifted pen of the late bishop who was an
acknowledged authority of the religious history of the
The Historical Magazine, which has just completed its
first year, was . established by a small group of men
who are interested in conserving the history of the
Episcopal Church. They serve without any monetary
compensation. An earnest appeal is made to Carolinian
churchmen to become subscribers at the rate of four
dollars per annum. Only by additional subscriptions
can the Magazine be continued. Subscriptions for the
current year should be sent to the Rev. Dr. Brydon, 110
West Franklin Street, Richmond, Va.
REV. JOHN H. TILLINGHAST DIES
The Rev. John H. Tillinghast, a sketch of whom ap-
peared in the last issue of the Carolina Churchman,
died at his home in Eastover, S. C, on January 10th,
at the age of 97 years. Mr. Tillinghast, who has been
living in retirement at Eastover for a number of years,
was one of the oldest, if not the oldest minister of the
Episcopal Church. His was a long and fruitful ministry,
and was beloved by all who knew him.
Mr. Tillinghast had a number of distinctions. He was
the oldest living alumnus of the University of North
Carolina and of William and Mary College, and oldest
surviving chaplain of the Confederate Army.
BROADCAST PROVES EFFECTIVE
The radio broadcast of the Sunday morning services
at the Church of the Good Shepherd, Raleigh, has
aroused an interest beyond all expectations. People
from all over the State have written to say that they
have heard the services, and of special gratification is
the fact that the Church is reaching so many people shut
in by sickness and other causes. The congregation of
St. Paul's, Louisburg, has installed a radio in the church
and follows the service, even to the singing of the
hymns with the Raleigh choir. Mr. Partrick has in-
vited Bishop Darst to preach on February 12th, and
Bishop Penick on February 19th. Many of their dioce-
san families will thus be able to hear them.
Ten carpenters have been donating their labor to build
the new chapel at Gruetli, Tenn., a mission in charge of
the Rev. A. C. Adamz of Tracy City. A member of St.
Paul's, Chattanooga, is giving the doors for the new build-
ing — a satisfying kind of gift. Think of people always
going through your doors to and from church.
Few of us realize the extent of the great northern coun-
try in the Diocese of Marquette, 18,000 square miles of
territory, a country that has made many people in the
cities rich with its lumber, iron and copper.
Bishop Ablewhite says the rural missions of the diocese
are doing their best to build up character, in order that
the people who go out by dozens every year to the cities
may enrich the city parishes to which they go.
%\\t Carolina Cijurdfjmatt
Organ of the Diocese of North Carolina and the Thompson Episcopal Orphanage and Training Institution
Vol. XXIII RALEIGH, N. C, JANUARY, 1933 No. 2
The Diocese Loses Its Beloved Bishop
Bishop Cheshire Dies December 27th, After Brief Illness
THE facts of the death and burial of the Rt. Rev.
Joseph Blount Cheshire, D.D., Bishop of the Diocese
of North Carolina, are already well known to the
people of his State and Diocese. But the significance of
those facts will not be appreciated for months and years
to come. For a truly great man has been taken from us!
Upon the advice of his physicians, Bishop Cheshire
went to a Charlotte hospital for treatment on December
16th. The next day he was seized with an attack, from
which he died on the night of December 27th. The next
morning the body was carried to St. Peter's Church,
where it rested for several hours. An informal service
of prayer was conducted there by Bishop Penick. In the
afternoon the body was carried to his home in Raleigh,
accompanied by members of the family and others.
Funeral in Raleigh
At eleven o'clock on the morning of December 29th
the funeral of the late Bishop was conducted in the
Church of the Good Shepherd, Raleigh, to which parish
he and his family belonged. In accordance with his
well-known wishes, the services were simple. They were
conducted by the Bishop Co-adjutor, the Rt. Rev. Edwin
A. Penick, and the rector, Rev. Theodore Partrick, Jr.
While simplicity marked the service in the church, it
was both, beautiful and impressive. The church, with a
large seating capacity that was added to by the placing
of chairs in every available place, was completely filled
by people from every walk of life. The hymns, sung by
a choir that contained voices from all of the Episcopal
congregations in Raleigh, all struck a triumphant note
that was in keeping with the death of one who was full
of years, honors and perfection of character. The clergy
of the Diocese were vested and formed a procession that
accompanied the body up the aisle. With them were
clergy from other dioceses. The following Bishops were
also in the procession, and were seated in the sanctuary
during the service: Bishops Thomas C. Darst, of East
Carolina; St. George Tucker, of Virginia; Arthur C.
Thompson, of Southern Virginia; K. G. Finlay, of Upper
South Carolina, and A. S. Thomas, of South Carolina.
Burial in Tarboro
Following the service in Raleigh, the funeral proces-
sion made its way to Tarboro, where the burial service
was held in the churchyard of Calvary parish. It was
conducted by Bishop Penick, assisted by the Rev. Bert-
ram E. Brown, the rector. There was the same utter
simplicity here. The body that for almost eighty-three
years had been the temple of a great soul was laid to
rest in a spot made beautiful by the labors and vision of
another great soul, the father of the Bishop. It was
placed near those whom he had loved and who shared
his life. His own sons and nephews reverently filled his
grave, and placed upon it the ivy that was part and
parcel of the soil that he loved. There was no wild
outburst of grief — for he would not have had it so.
Every person standing around the grave felt the keenest
possible sense of loss, but even as they did so there came
to them a new appreciation of St. Paul's glorious assur-
ance, "death is swallowed up in victory."
"In Labors Most Abundant"
Bishop Cheshire was born in Tarboro, March 27, 1850, a
son of the Rev. Joseph Blount Cheshire, D.D., for over 50
years rector of Calvary Episcopal Church. Tarboro, and of
Elizabeth T. (Parker) Cheshire. On his father's side.
Bishop Cheshire was descended from the Blount family
of Chowan County and the Gray family of Bertie County
and on his mother's side from the Haywood and Toole
families of Edgecombe County.
After attending Tarboro Academy, Bishop Cheshire at-
tended Trinity College, Hartford, Conn., where he re-
ceived his B.A. degree in 1872. He studied law and
practiced that profession for one year at Baltimore,
Maryland, and for five years at Tarboro, before entering
the ministry in 1878, when he was placed in charge of
the Chapel of the Cross at Chapel Hiil.
In 1881 he became rector of St. Peter's Church at
Charlotte and in' this capacity enlarged the parochial
work; erected a new and handsome church; organized
Saint Michael and All Angel's Church. Negro, and began
the work of St. Martin's Church in the same city. He
took an active part in establishing Saint Peter's Hospital
and in founding the Good Samaritan Hospital, Negro, the
first in the State. He was consecrated Bishop Coadjutor
on October 15, 1893, and became Bishop of the Diocese
upon the death of Bishop Theodore B. Lyman, on Decem-
ber 13, 1893.
Bishop Cheshire was one of the best known bishops
in the United States. In the House of Bishops of the
Episcopal Church he was a recognized authority on
canon law and was considered perhaps the ablest parlia-
mentarian in the House of Bishops. Being one of the
(Continued on Page 5)
THE CAROLINA CHURCHMAN
BISHOPS Pay Tribute To A Beloved and
Respected Fellow -Worker
A GENIUS FOR FRIENDSHIP
(By the Bt. Rev. Edwin A. Penick, Bishop of North
Bishop Cheshire once said to me, with characteristic
modesty, that when he was elected Bishop, he realized
that he would never be able to do anything great, but
that he determined by God's help to do small things in
a great way. He did not elaborate upon this statement
but I have never forgotten it, and as years of intimate
association with him passed by, it became more and
more evident what he meant by this simple remark. The
unusual, the dramatic and sensational were far from his
nature. He construed life and the duties of his office in
terms of ordinary personal relationships and common-
place tasks. These "small things" he touched with a
graciousness and firmness that glorified them and lifted
them into the realm of true "greatness". The selective
process of time and the perspective of history will dis-
close moments of grave decision and of high achievement
throughout his long and fruitful ministry. But I doubt
if his memory will linger in the affections of the people
of this diocese and, indeed, of the whole Church, because
of any strikingly conspicuous service that he rendered.
Other men of action have achieved important things
and have been deservedly honored for their constructive
service. But in course of time, when their accomplish-
ments have been duplicated or displaced by other notable
acts of subsequent generations, the memory of their good
deeds has grown dim. Bishop Cheshire, however, pos-
sessed that unique and exceedingly unselfish gift of en-
twining himself lastingly in the esteem and affections of
people by a genuine interest in the simple affairs of their
lives. Writing last week of his sense of personal loss,
Bishop Bratton exclaimed, "How Bishop Cheshire loved
his people!" Again and again we have all heard him ask a
stranger: "Who was your father?" "Who was your
grand-mother?" "Whom did you marry?" And with
his marvellously tenacious memory he would remember
the answers to these questions for they were not asked
casually. They reflected a sincere and personal inter-
est, amounting to a superb enthusiasm. . He never sought
popularity. He would scorn anything as mean and self-
regarding as that. But somehow he was irresistably
likeable because of his genuineness; for who is not drawn
to the truth, especially when it is embodied in a person?
This genius for friendship was to me the secret of his
strength. And how quickly and spontaneously that
friendship called out his affection and quickened a re-
sponse in others! Instinctively one felt his understand-
ing of human nature, his patience with weakness and
failure, his rugged scorn of falsehood and injustice, his
readiness to encourage with generous praise. These and
other "small things", to recall his humble self-appraisal,
endeared him to all ranks and stations in life. I dare
not allow myself to write of him except with a forced
and impersonal restraint, but I suspect that the "great-
ness" which he felt was beyond his power was achieved
after all in the hearts of those who knew him. For it
is no "small thing" to love people as Bishop Cheshire
GREAT BISHOP, CITIZEN AND CHRISTIAN
(By the Rt. Rev. Thomas C. Darst, Bishop of East
In the passing from this life of Bishop Cheshire the
House of Bishops has lost from its ranks a wise leader
and counsellor, who was honored and respected for hi£
knowledge of Canon law and his accuracy of thought.
The Church in North Carolina has lost a wise Chris-
tian statesman, who guided his diocese with zeal and
efficiency for nearly forty years and who, as a true
Father in God, became the servant of all in his self-sacri-
ficing labors for the extension of the Kingdom in and
through his beloved diocese.
The State of North Carolina has lost a great citizen,
who contributed through voice and pen and life to the
building up of a Christian civilization.
As a historian he made an unique contribution to that
remarkable period, when during the Civil War, a National
Church was born, lived its brief life and died, and future
generations will hold him in high esteem because of his
careful and accurate history of the Church in the Con-
His love of truth and his passion for accuracy stimu-
lated many of us to more careful thinking and for a
greater desire to seek truth at any cost.
Be was my friend and counsellor from the beginning
of my Episcopate and I shall miss him sadly.
Truly it may be said of him that he fought a good
fight and ever kept the faith with high courage and
without compromise. For his life and ministry we
thank God and take courage.
GREAT LOSS TO PEOPLE OF WESTERN
(By the Rt. Slew Junius M. Horner, Bishop of Western
The Diocese of Western North Carolina has suffered
a very personal loss in the death of Bishop Cheshire. He
greatly endeared himself to the people of this section,
while it was still a part of his Diocese of North Carolina.
He always manifested real affection and appreciation for
the people of the mountains, and those who knew him
His missionary zeal stimulated and fostered the work
of the Church in these mountains, and it was with his
advice and consent that this section was set off as a Mis-
sionary District, which has grown to become this Diocese.
His interest in the work of the Church in this Diocese
never waned, and the admiration and affection of our
people for him as a man and as a Bishop has continued
through the years.
THE CAROLINA CHURCHMAN
CHURCH LOSES ONE OF HER ABLEST AND
MOST LOYAL SONS
(By the lit. Rev. Thomas F. Gailor, Bishop of Tennessee)
By the death of Bishop Joseph Blount Cheshire the
Church loses the active services here of one of her ablest
and most loyal sons.
Bishop Cheshire was a man of impressive personality,
a ripe scholar, learned in the law and in history, wise in
counsel, and generous in his judgment of his fellows.
The Board of Trustees of the University of the South
at Sewanee, recall with gratitude his gracious and
thoughtful and unselfish support through all the years
of his episcopate; and I myself, who had the privilege
of his friendship and his frequent visits to my home,
join with the clergy and people of North Carolina in
paying tribute to this faithful soldier and servant, who,
"having served his own generation by the will of God,
has fallen on sleep."
A TRIBUTE FROM THE PRESIDING BISHOP
Bishop Cheshire had a place of peculiar distinction
and honor in the Anglican Church. For nearly forty
years the American House of Bishops has felt the mag-
netic power of his presence and the wisdom of his
counsel. In the many offices which he held he has
helped to shape far-reaching policies and in the Lam-
beth Conference his word has carried conviction.
Important as were these official relations of the
Bishop, he will be remembered best for the personal,'
qualities which endeared him to a vast company of
friends. He combined in a remarkable degree an exact
and exacting sense of justice with a warmth of sym-
pathy which rendered his companionship charming as
it was stimulating.
It is difficult to think of the Church without the
presence of Bishop Cheshire. It is impossible to foi - e-
see a time when his influence will not be felt, his pene-
trating mind will not be esteemed or where his name
will cease to be held in grateful and loving remembrance.
JAMES DeWOLF PERRY,
PRESIDENT OF AUXILIARY PAYS TRIBUTE
TO BISHOP CHESHIRE
(By Miss Rena Clark)
To attempt to say with any degree of accuracy what
Bishop Cheshire has meant to the Woman's Auxiliary in
the Diocese of North Carolina defies the limitation of
words. He was truly the loving father of a large family,
loving us for our weaknesses as well as for our strength;
demanding and expecting of his children — the Auxiliary —
the same rigid code that he set for himself. It was he
who watched us develop from a small group to the larger
organization of today. He nurtured us in our infancy,
encouraged us in our adolescence, and advised us in our
womanhood. Born and reared in the State, and con-
nected by ties of blood or friendship with many of his
flock, the Bishop's relation to the Auxiliary was that
of one rarely attained by other Bishops. We were his
Firmly but kindly guiding us in all of our endeavors,
interested in all of our movements, proud of our ac-
The Diocese Loses Its Beloved Bishop
(Continued from Page 3)
senior bishops he assisted in the consecration of many
Bishop Cheshire was twice married, first to Miss Annie
Huske Webb, a daughter of James Webb of Hillsboro.
She died on January 12, 1897, and this marriage is sur-
vived by the following children: Mrs. Albert C. Cooper,
of Franklin, Louisiana; Miss Sarah Frances Cheshire,
Joseph Blount Cheshire, Jr., both of Raleigh; Mrs.
Augustine Washington Tucker, of Shanghai, China;
James Webb Cheshire and Godfrey Cheshire, both of
Raleigh. Two of Bishop Cheshire's daughters, Mrs.
Cooper and Mrs. Tucker, served for many years as mis-
sionaries in China. Mrs. Tucker, whose husband is chief
surgeon of St. Luke's Hospital in Shanghai, is still in
China while her sister returned to this country several
Bishop Cheshire's second wife was Miss Elizabeth
Lansdale Mitchell of Maryland, who also preceded him.
MEMORY OF BISHOP CHESHIRE HONORED
AT TRINITY COLLEGE
From Hartford, Conn., has come news that the memory
of Bishop Cheshire has been honored at that institution.
He was regarded as one of its most distinguished alumni,
and fitting tributes have been paid him. In writing to a
layman in Raleigh the Rev. Dr. R. B. Ogilby, President of
the College, says: "He was a splendid citizen of your State,
a loyal graduate of Trinity College, and a man of God.
We shall all miss him. The College flag has been at half
mast today in his honor. I have been thinking all day of
the benediction of his presence nine years ago at the time
of the Centennial and again last June at the time of the
consecration of the new Chapel." At the chapel service on
January 4th, the first held in 1933, Dr. Ogilby paid tribute
to Bishop Cheshire before the student body as a great
Bishop, a sound scholar, a man with rare charm of manner,
and one of the best loved sons of Trinity.
complishments, conscious of our failures, he was our
ablest ally. The richness of his nature, the long and
varied experience of his life, the bigness of the man him-
self were shared and shared generously with all of us.
His impress is too real, too vital to be ever effaced. We
are grateful for the continuing stimulus and strength of
a companionship which yet endures. We mourn his
death but we rejoice in his life still among us if beyond
us and above us.
In these later years when the Bishop was not so ac-
tively engaged in affairs of the Diocese, there was more
time for social contact — a contact always delightful and
stimulating to all who came within its reach. At meet-
ings or gatherings of any kind, his very presence was a
benediction. And as he mingled and talked among a
people who had always loved and respected him, a deep
sense of thankfulness was felt by all for his life spent
In return for the outpouring of his teaching, his love,
his simplicity, and his example, may we not order our
lives so that they will reflect to others the light that has
shone upon us.
THE CAROLINA CHURCHMAN
HIS CLERGY Feel Loss of A True Father In God
Tributes From Diocesan Leaders and Life-Long Friends
"AT HOME IN MOUNTAIN CABIN OR
(By the Rev. Milton A. Barber, President Standing
It has been said that some men are born to greatness
and that some achieve greatness. Perhaps the statement
is not entirely accurate, and yet there is a partial truth
in it. We know that some men are born to great op-
portunity., and into an environment conducive to great-
ness, and yet never achieve greatness. And, on the other
hand, some men, with small opportunity and confronted
with many obstacles, achieve greatness through perse-
verance and dogged determination. But first of all, there
must be an inherent element of greatness, in the truest
and noblest sense of that word, in the man himself.
There was this inherent element of greatness in the
character of Bishop Cheshire.
And some men seem utterly unconscious of their own
greatness. This was notably true of Bishop Cheshire.
Humble and unaffected, he was at ease in any company,
in Lambeth Palace or in a mountain cabin with the plain
people that he loved. He was the sincere friend and
common brother of the humblest man he met. Never
did he pose as a high dignitary of the Church or as a
notable person; he was great in his sweet simplicity. He
felt that he was just an ordinary man like the rest of us.
Only a few days ago a judge of the superior court told
me that he heard a distinguished citizen, within the past
thirty days, mention the three or four really great men
now living in North Carolina, and that he named Bishop
Cheshire as one of them. It may be said, without fear
of contradiction, that few men in the State were better
known, and probably no one more universally admired
And the Bishop has left an indellible impress upon the
Diocese of North Carolina that will be felt for genera-
tions to come. The noble traditions of the diocese were
dear to his heart, and he tried to live up to them.
Staunch Churchman he was, but he was not narrow and
intolerant. Always ready to defend with warmth his
own positive convictions, he never tried to force his
views upon others; nor did he try to interfere with the
rights and prerogatives of a parish priest, so long as he
was loyal to the fundamental teaching and polity of the
Church. He might offer godly counsel, but he would
not try to usurp the authority that the Church gives to
the parish priest. He did insist that bishop and priest
alike should be obedient to the prescribed law of the
Church, whatever might be their personal view of the
law. He exacted no more of a priest than he exacted of
himself. In so far as he could, he allowed large liberty.
He trusted his clergy, and they trusted and revered him
as a true Father in God.
For many years the writer has been President of the
Standing Committee of the Diocese, and during all these
years there has never been any jar or disagreement be-
tween the Bishop and this Committee. He knew their
rights and recognized them, and never tried to dominate
their actions. Again and again he has taken us into his
confidence and asked our counsel and advice. No Stand-
ing Committee ever had a better and more considerate
bishop with whom to work, and we are all grieved that
we shall no more see his kind and benign face at our
meetings. God rest his noble soul.
(By the Rev. Sidney S. Bost.)
The life of Bishop Cheshire never ceased to strengthen
and inspire men.
Ripening age made him gentler, more affectionate and
even more wise in his outlook upon life.
A scholar always, yet in the last decade, in things ex-
perimental, he often subordinated his own opinion rather
than seem to lose step in the modern trend. His judg-
ment was always sound, his loyalty to convictions inflex-
ible. If it became necessary he required his clergy to
conform to the rules and ordinances of the Church.
Frank, honest, sincere (almost to a fault) for thirty-
nine years he impressed the Diocese with his ability as
a leader. All who knew him well had for him profound
The writer who has been intimately associated with
him since 1892 believes that no Diocese in the American
Church has within this time been more ably administered
than the Diocese of North Carolina.
If I might epitomize his qualities as I knew them. He
was appreciative without being fulsome; he was firm,
but not unkind; he was wise without ostentation; a man
of letters, but not arrogant. His Churchmanship was
sound, and he had the gift of welding the Clergy of
his Diocese into a harmonious body.
A close student, an insatiable reader, a facile writer,
having a retentive memory rarely equalled, he employed
his talents and his powers to the building of the King-
dom of God.
He had joined the ranks of those of whom it may be
truly said, "Servant of God, well done!" He lived and
died in honor and his good works shall follow him.
CLOSE RELATION OF BISHOP AND PRIEST
(By the Rev. A. S. Lawrence, Secretary of the Diocese.)
In writing of Joseph Blount Cheshire, for over a
generation Bishop of North Carolina, it seems fitting to
be personal, as his power and his influence came not
from his position or his utterances, but from his personal
contacts. So I venture to speak of my own experiences.
Twenty years ago I came into this diocese. A few
months afterwards I was called upon to make an address
at a Convocation in Louisburg on the subject of rural
missions. In my talk I stressed certain facts concerning
the origin of the three or four missions with which I
was acquainted, and on the basis of these I generalized
THE CAROLINA CHURCHMAN
concerning other rural missions. Immediately after the
service, Bishop Cheshire came up to me, and in his
emphatic way said "Mr. Lawrence, you are totally wrong
in what you have said. Your statements have no basis
in fact." Knowing that I had at least something to go
on, I dared to defend the stand I had taken, but the
Bishop overwhelmed me, and I was reduced to silence,
though not entirely convinced. But two days later I
received a long letter from the Bishop. He had carefully
looked up all the facts, and he wrote to tell me that he
found that I was correct in the particular instances that
I had quoted, and that therefore he wished to apologize
for his hasty statement. At the same time he pointed
out with clearness and emphasis how incorrect my gen-
eralizations had been. Not many bishops would have
taken all this trouble, and very few would have thought
it worth while to apologize for a hasty statement made
to a young priest new to the Diocese.
During part of the war, I was in the army and away
in camp. My family was living in Hillsboro. Several
times during those months the Bishop came to Hillsboro,
and never failed to visit my wife and to interest himself
in the well being of all the children. And my family was
one of hundreds he visited and kept in mind. He knew
his sheep by name.
In these twenty years, I have had an extensive corre-
spondence with Bishop Cheshire, and I do not remember
a single instance where his answer failed to come
promptly, and where it did not completely cover every
item on which I had asked information. He never kept
copies of the letters he wrote — only a brief phrase in a
record book of the general subject of each letter. But it
was not necessary. His answers were so complete that
there was no need to go back to see what had been writ-
I should like to tell of many other incidents — such as
when I slept in the same bed with him one cold winter
night in a little frame house, and he showed me how to
use the empty water pitcher for a bed warmer. But
they would all be incidents that showed his kindness, his
friendship, his justice, his care of little things.
It seems to me that his life is best summed up in the
words of Micah. He did justly; he loved kindness; he
walked humbly with God and his fellow men.
FORMER RECTOR OF SAINT MARY'S SCHOOL
TESTIFIES TO BISHOP CHESHIRE'S LOYAL
SUPPORT OF THAT INSTITUTION.
(By the Rev. Warren W. Way)
My claim for attention to the few words which I shall
write about Bishop Cheshire is based upon intimate as-
sociations and an intimate friendship over a period of
eighteen years, the time that I was rector of Saint Luke's
Church, Salisbury, and Saint Mary's School, Raleigh.
I find it difficult to write at all; difficult for two rea-
sons: To those who did not know the Bishop well, I
shall probably seem to exaggerate. Furthermore the
feeling's of friendship spring from sources too deep to
permit one to analyze with freedom.
The Bishop, as president of the Board of Trustees of
Saint Mary's School, always seemed to me to see in out-
lines clear as a cameo the rights as well as the duties
of all persons in the complex life of the school trustees,
rector, faculty, students, alumnae and the public. Not
only did he see them but he defended them with rare
discernment, vigor and fine courtesy. He never denied
or shirked his responsibility. He would not ask some
one else to do what he conceived to be his own task,
distasteful though it might be, and he never allowed
his official position to destroy or dwarf the ideal of the
chief pastor and friend of us all.
My thoughts of him as Bishop and as friend can not
be disentangled. In both aspects one was often struck
by the sturdy, robust, masculine qualities of his mind
and the charming originality both of his points of view
and his modes of expressing them. The Bishop was like
a fresh breeze and a strong tonic. His very presence was
vital and how uncommon was his common sense!
There are certain traits in the make-up of a Christian
which are said to be natural virtues such as justice,
temperance and courage. No discerning person could
see the Bishop five minutes without seeing these quali-
ties shining out in face and speech and manner. Of his
tenderness and the depth of his affection for his friends
especially when they stood in need of understanding
sympathy and effective aid, I can not express myself as
I would but I know a great deal about that from grateful
In my mind he fitted beautifully into the picture of
what a chief shepherd of Jesus Christ ought to be. What
I have said more than once I will here write down. I
never came away from any extended interview with the
Bishop without feeling that I was a wiser, a better and
a happier man.
A STAUNCH AND HELPFUL FRIEND OF ST.
(By the Rev. E. H. Goold, President of St. Augustine's
On his eightieth birthday Bishop Cheshire was pres-
ent at the dedication of the new dining hall and domestic
science building erected at St. Augustine's College and
named in his honor. Gifts from many of his friends had
helped to make this possible. At that time in the lobby
of the building there was unveiled an excellent picture
of the Bishop and below it a tablet with this inscription:
THE CHESHIRE BUILDING
Erected in Honor of the
RT. REV. JOSEPH B. CHESHIRE, D.D.
For many years President
of the Board of Trustees
Staunch and helpful friend
It was as a staunch and helpful friend that the good
Bishop endeared himself to all who knew him at the
College. His interest in St. Augustine's and in its develop-
ment was deep and genuine. He was firmly and con-
sistently behind every effort to raise its standards and in-
crease its usefulness. He took a real pride in observing
whatever progress was made. The confidence and affection
shown him by the Negro people came as the result of
their realization of his genuine interest in their welfare.
As President of the Board of Trustees he was always
ready to give sound and well considered advice when it
was asked for but never attempted to interfere in matters
which he did not consider within his province. Under his
leadership the Trustees always maintained most harmon-
ious relations with one another and with the College ad-
In the College chapel he confirmed hundreds of students
who look upon him as their Father in God. Hundreds of
(Continued on Page 13)
THE CAROLINA CHURCHMAN
^fje Carolina (Efmrcfjman
Published Monthly at
RALEIGH, N. C.
Rev. Theodore Partrick, Je Editor
Subscription $1.00 a Year in Advance
Simple notices of death, obituary notices, complimentary
resolutions, etc., will be published at the charge of
one cent a word.
All communications and subscriptions, and all checks and
money orders, should be addressed to
THE CAROLINA CHURCHMAN
126 West Morgan Street
RALEIGH, N. C.
DIOCESE OF NORTH CAROLINA
Rt. Rev. Joseph Blount Cheshire, D.D., Bishop
Rt. Rev. Edwin A. Penick, D.D., Bishop Coadjutor
Rev. Alfred S. Lawrence, Secretary of the Diocese
Rev. Theodore Partrick, Jr., Secretary of the Ex. Council
126 W. Morgan St., Raleigh
Mb. Henry M. London, Treasurer of the Diocese
Mr. J. R. Wilkes, Treasurer of the Forward Movement
P. O. Box 988, Charlotte
Entered as second-class matter at the postoffice at
Raleigh, N. C.
EVERY person in the Diocese feels a profound sense of
gratitude to Almighty God that the mantle of our late
Bishop is to fall on shoulders so worthy to wear it. The
Bishop Co-adjutor, who automatically becomes Bishop, has
demonstrated the wisdom shown in his choice. Bishop
Penick has been serving the Diocese now for some ten
years. His relations with Bishop Cheshire were beautiful
indeed, and one of the great satisfactions of the later years
of the Bishop, frequently expressed, was the fact that he
was to be succeeded by one who had so splendidly demon-
strated his ability. Bishop Penick will carry on the noble
tradition established by Ravenscroft, Ives, Atkinson, Ly-
man and Cheshire. Of this we are sure, for he has already
given abundant evidence of his unusual capacity. He comes
into complete charge of the Diocese with clergy and laity
who already know and love him, and with a grasp of the
duties of his office that will enable him to carry them on
without interruption or faltering. We ask God's blessings
upon him, and assure him of our support.
The Carolina Churchman this month is privileged to
give over most of its space to the presentation of
tributes to the late Bishop of this Diocese. These spon-
taneous expressions of love and esteem for him, written by
bishops, clergy and laymen, will constitute a permanent,
though inadequate, statement of the way we felt about
Bishop Cheshire. He was more than a beloved person, he
had through the years become an institution — one that we
trusted with all our might and revered as we seldom
revere anything. All of the contributors confessed to their
inability to sum up their estimate of him in a few words.
There were so many things that they wanted to say about
him. But from all the tributes there emerge certain
characteristics. They were characteristics of true greatness
of soul, intellect and heart.
"A WITNESS OF HIS OWN IMMORTALITY"
ONE thing that gives us intense satisfaction is the fact
that Bishop Cheshire was given so many evidences
of our love and veneration for him in his lifetime. He was
honored, of course, by institutions of learning in recog-
nition of his scholarship and distinction of mind. But
what was more to the point, his own people built memorials
to him while he was still living, told him in words and
stone of their love of him, and followed him without dis-
sent throughout the almost forty years of his Episcopate.
The "Cheshire Memorial Building" at St. Augustine's Col-
lege is one monument to him, the Church for the Deaf, in
- Durham, another. The presentation of his portrait to St.
Mary's School in recent years also furnished the occasion
for the revelation of our feelings about him, to him. He
truly lived to be "a witness of his own immortality."
DIOCESAN NEWS ITEMS
Capt. Frederick Brownell, of the Church Army, is now
giving valuable assistance to the Rev. William J. Gordon
at St. Luke's, Spray, and nearby points. Capt. Brownell,
a native of Bristol, R. I., was recently commissioned.
The Rev. J. D. Miller, for a number of years rector of
St. Paul's, Louisburg, recently resigned, on account of hav-
ing reached the age of retirement. He will continue to live
in Louisburg. Mr. Miller has had a long and useful minis-
try, a good part of the time in Greensboro, N. C, where he
served two pastorates at St. Andrew's Church. His friends
wish for him a continuation of his physical and mental
vigor for many years to come.
The Rev. Bertram E. Brown, rector of Calvary Church,
Tarboro, recently suffered an illness that kept him in bed
for two weeks. His friends wish for him a speedy and
At the December meeting of the Raleigh Clericus the
Rev. Harvey Cox was elected president for the year 1933,
and the Rev. Joseph F. Fletcher as secretary. Mr. Cox was
also recently honored by being elected president of the
Raleigh Ministerial Association, made up of all the Pro-
testant clergy of Raleigh.
THE CAROLINA CHURCHMAN
The Woman's Auxiliary j
Miss Rena Clark Tarboro, N. C.
Vice-President and Supply Secretary
Mrs. Watts Cabb Durham, N. C.
Mrs. Hyman Philips .... Tarboro, N. C.
Mrs. William P. Little 130 E. Edenton St., Raleigh
Mrs. Baxter Moore 5 Dartmouth Place, Charlotte
Christian Social Service Secretary
Miss Corinna Gant Burlington, N. C.
United Thank Offering Secretary
Mrs. W. W. Simms Wilson, N. C.
The President's Monthly Letter
Tarboro, N. C, January 1933.
My dear Friends:
As we enter a new year we are filled with the light of a
radiant hope. The realization that another chance is given
to us brings joy and comfort. Faith trampled down by
many failures again emerges triumphant and emboldens
us to venture forth on our road, scarred perhaps, but un-
afraid. Therefore "forgetting those things which are be-
hind, and reaching forth unto those things which are be-
fore", let us press onward.
There are many things for us to engage in this year but
I wish to ask your special consideration for the following
1. Greater emphasis on the "United Thank Offering.
2. Organization of Woman's Work into one unit.
3. Development of Individual Responsibility.
4. Knowledge of the Meaning of Prayer.
It is my earnest hope that during this year we may as a
Diocese contribute to the splendid work of supplying litera-
ture to the Blind of the Church. A recent letter from Mrs.
Loring Clark states that the National Council is obliged
to make drastic cuts in their appropriation, thereby badly
crippling their endeavors. Is it not possible for us to add
a small amount to our 1933 budget for this most appealing
and far reaching work?
To your attention I call the necessity of sending reports
of last year's work promptly to all of your Diocesan offi-
cers. It is also advisable to send a duplicate to your Dis-
trict officers. The necessary requirements for the Honor
Roll are plainly given on page 47 of the last Annual Re-
port. Promptness and accuracy are vital factors in every
For 1933, let us ask, not for less labor but for more
courage and cheerfulness to undertake our share. With
a forgetfulness that discriminates, obliterates and liberates,
let us make ready to meet the demands that must neces-
sarily thrust themselves upon us. Let us ask that we be
given the spirit, not of fear, but of power, of love, and of
discipline, remembering that of ourselves we can do
nothing, yet by God's grace we may minister to the needs
of our generation.
My sincere wishes for your well-being now and always,
RENA H. CLARK.
Prayer Partnership Plan
Some years ago Miss Grace Lindley became interested
in the Prayer Partnership Plan of the Woman's Missionary
Society of England in Canada and the Church Missionary
Society of England, being convinced of the value of this
plan and that it would be helpful to our Auxiliary and
would give to our missionaries the feeling of the support-
ing strength of the Church at home and bring to the
Church at home the realization of its responsibility for the
workers. The Plan has been developed with (I hope) suc-
cess in the Diocese of North Carolina.
In a letter sent to Diocesan branches, Miss Lindley
writes: "To carry out the undertaking requires devotion,
loyalty and perseverance on the part of those who accept
the responsibility of becoming a partner that in all times
of difficulty, anxiety or stress of circumstances the Mis-
sionary may be assured of the power of prayer that is
behind her sustaining her. You will readily see what a
comfort and help this will be to her, and especially to
those whose field of work is remote from a mission center
and upon whom the burden of responsibility must of neces-
sity rest. It is not an easy thing asked of you, but a
joyous thing to be allowed to help in this very real way
of making Christ known."
It should be understood that our Missionaries do not
have time to write many letters, but love to hear from
home. Like Charity, this plan is twice blest! We are ex-
pected to have prayers for our Prayer Partners at all of
our Auxiliary meetings and also in our private devotions.
It is also to be desired to have prayers at some appointed
day or to include intercession for those who toil for Him in
far off places or at some intercessory service.
Gifts, magazines, letters and cards have been sent to all
of our Prayer Partners by their special Prayer Partner,
secretaries and others.
If we visualize the surroundings and trials of our Prayer
Partners I am confident we would pray more fervently for
them in their work. Let us make this more real. Our
blessed Saviour has said "Without Me you can do nothing."
With all good wishes for the New Year.
CLAUDIA J. E. POWE,
Chairman, Prayer Partnership Plan
Correspondent, Diocese of North Carolina.
(Mrs. Edward K. Powe)
Box 383, Durham, N. C.
A Plea for the United Thank Off ering
Dear Auxiliary Members:
When Bishop Penick was with us recently he told us of
his "ambitions" for the Woman's Auxiliary — listing them
under the following heads:
(3) Service with a plan.
(4) Proportionate Giving.
As I listened to him I applied everything he said to our
United Thank Offering.
First. That every one of our women may know about
the United Thank Offering. What it has already, and what
it plans to achieve. To know what it means to others; and
what it means to us. To them, a blessed evidence of the
joy to us of daily contact with our little Blue Boxes.
Second. The power of prayer. Prayer for a definite
object. Think of the women in the Diocese of North
(Continued on Page 13)
THE CAROLINA CHURCHMAN
Laymen Speak Out of Affection For Late Bishop
FOUR GENERATIONS OF ONE FAMILY KNEW
AND LOVED HIM
(By Mr. W. E. Smith, Scotland Neck, N. C.)
It is frequently said, and generally admitted as a fact,
that no man is indispensable however great his useful-
ness may be to humanity, because another is always
found to fill his place.
In attempting to apply this rule to the recent passing
of the Rt. Rev. Joseph Blount Cheshire I can only call it
"the exception which proves the rule."
Having known him intimately and enjoyed his friend-
ship for the past thirty years and heard my grandmother
frequently speak of him in the highest terms for at least
ten years previously I feel qualified to pay this tribute
to his memory.
His faith was unique in that it embraced both the
simpleness of a little child and the depth of the trained
legal mind. I can not imagine his faith being disturbed
by doubts as was his illustrious predecessor, St. Paul.
He particularly loved the Old Testament, from which,
I believe, he got his intense interest in the families of
nis diocese and family life in general. Of him it may be
said that he "loved righteousness" but did not hate
iniquity. He rather pitied the weakness of those who
yield to temptation as a father would his erring sons.
And because of this trait in his character it was impos-
sible not to yield to him the affection due a natural
father together with the reverence due one's Father in
Bishop Cheshire has filled this unique position in my
own family for four generations and considering that
this influence must extend all over his diocese I can but
feel that his loss is irreparable.
WORE THE MANTLE OF A GREAT
(By Capt. Samuel A. Ashe.)
It was on the 27th of June, 189 3, when a convention
of the Diocese of North Carolina met at Christ Church,
Raleigh, to elect an assistant Bishop to aid Bishop
Lyman — that certain considerations led to the choice
of a North Carolinian for that high office in the Church.
There were half a dozen other competent ministers
whose friends pressed their selection, but for about fifty
years the pastor at Tarboro had been the Rev. Joseph
Blount Cheshire, Sr., and there the citizens had been
progressive and prosperous, and in association with
Mr. Cheshire were animated with culture and taste — as
well as by religious sentiment.
A son of Mr. Cheshire, after graduating at Trinity
College, Hartford, Connecticut, had chosen law as his
profession, but the life of his esteemed and revered
father had its attractions, and the son after being
trained at the law as to his duties to his fellow citizens
became drawn to his duties to mankind and had entered
Some of the former Bishops of our Church had been
trained at the law, and perhaps that was an element in
bringing about the selection of Joseph Blount Cheshire,
Jr., as the desired assistant Bishop.
He was chosen and within two months, Bishop Lyman
having died, he became Bishop of the Diocese — enjoying
the high respect and regard which was attached to his
It was an inheritance, and well did he wear the mantle
through life. His administration and career became
notable for its elbow touch with his fellow Christians.
After nearly forty years of devoted service he has passed
away, and while we deplore his loss, we are profoundly
grateful for his extended life and for his admirable
service in Church work, and in society tending to ele-
vate our people and establish among us the blessings of
A MAN IN WHOM TRUTH AND JUSTICE MET
(By Mr. F. S. Spruill, Rocky Mount.)
For nearly fifty years I knew Bishop Cheshire as man,
friend, priest and bishop.
The two qualities of mind and heart that made him
stand pre-eminent among his fellows were his perfect
justness and the sunlight clarity of his flawless truth-
He was the most just man I ever knew. That quality
was ingrained and its exercise was apparently spontan-
eous. There were no hair-breadth decisions on his part.
His convictions were so deeply rooted in his nature that
they expressed themselves in his hourly life and conduct.
He never compromised with them, and, in difference from
others, he was ever the urbane and courteous gentleman,
but he was the positive exponent of his considered
Through all his contact and dealings with men, there
ran a charity that never failed, and a sense of brother-
hood that was not bounded by race or creed.
No man has lived in North Carolina in my time who
more deeply and more beneficently impressed the State.
Without ostentation, quietly and with seemly dignity,
he went through life "a living epistle known and read of
As man, priest and bishop, it was a privilege and a
benefaction to have known him.
A HISTORIAN'S ESTIMATE OF
(By Dr. A. R. Newsome, Secretary State Historical
As a personality, ecclesiastical leader, historian, and
public spirited citizen, Bishop Joseph Blount Cheshire
projected like a mountain peak above the average level
of North Carolina life. Seldom is one privileged to meet
his equal in the full and well-rounded development of
mind, body and spirit. Wise, just, consecrated, scholarly,
lovable and unselfish, he was so rich and diversified in
the wealth of experience and character that he en-
nobled whatever and whoever touched the domain of
Amid a busy life of ministration to church and
humanity, Bishop Cheshire found the time to gratify a
life-long interest in the history of his family, state and
nation. He assembled a notable religious and historical
THE CAROLINA CHURCHMAN
library; and wide reading, accurate memory, and keen
apperception brought to him a profound knowledge and
appreciation of the historical development of North Caro-
lina. Native ability, industry, and self-discipline en-
abled him to achieve a degree of historical scholarship
seldom encountered among laymen. The Church in the
Confederate States, a scholarly monograph; Nonnulla, a
charming memoir and interpretation of North Carolina
life; and numerous addresses and articles on local and
church history enriched the historiography of his native
state and beloved church. Agencies and movements for
the advancement of North Carolina culture, learning and
history never lacked his intense interest and sympathetic
support. Fitting and merited was the honor of president
of the State Literary and Historical Association which he
wore with grace and dignity in 19 31.
While his sudden departure is a grievous loss to
family, friends and state, his long life of virtue and
service is a beneficent endowment to the citizenship and
civilization of North Carolina.
GREAT IN THE SIGHT OF GOD AND MAN
(By Mr. Samuel Lawrence, Member Standing Committee)
Having had the honor to serve on committees and as
a trustee, within the gift of the Diocese of North Caro-
lina, I came in intimate contact with the late Rt. Rev.
Joseph Blount Cheshire and saw him at work and by his
works I learned to love and honor him.
His fair mindedness, rugged honesty and insistence
upon justice portrayed a character which made its in-
fluence felt all through the social and religious life of
It was, I believe, as presiding officer of the trustees of
St. Augustine's College for Negroes that I saw this char-
acter at its fullness. The trustees were reminded by his
example and demeanor that they had met to help the
Negroes and must deliberate with this firmly fixed in
their minds and hearts — and the Negroes present under-
stood and were deeply appreciative.
He inculcated a spirit among the Negroes which will
survive for a long time and if others will help to keep
it alive, a great service to mankind will not have been
It was the like of this, wherever he walked, that made
Bishop Cheshire great in the sight of God and his fellow
"WE SHALL NEVER SEE HIS EQUAL"
(By Mr. Thomas H. Battle, Rocky Mount.)
Bishop Cheshire dead! This means a great blow to
our Church and state, the extent of which is hard for
us to realize. He was always so full of life and filled
so completely everything that was expected of him and
we so relied on him and his good judgment that we do
not see how we can get on without him. He was the
inspiration and wise counsellor of all our institutions.
I was a member of his first parish — at Chapel Hill —
when I was a student there from 1876 to 1882 and I
have been closely connected with him in every way from
that time to the end. He was a strong man in every
way and was always recognized as a leader in every way
and a safe adviser in every emergency and knew the
wisest thing to do.
As a presiding officer he had no superior, fair, im-
partial and courageous. He was perfectly frank and
while he was a brave fighter and while he stood up for
his rights he carried no malice and harbored no griev-
ances. I was with him in many diocesan conventions
and triennial conventions and always noticed his fairness
and his broad influence. In every way he was a man
among men and everybody knew that he was thoroughly
safe and far above all pettiness. He was wide awake
and untiring in caring for the best interests of our be-
He was a great constructor and the success and growth
of Thompson Orphanage and St. Mary's School are due
largely to him.
He was much interested in our colored work and was
an ardent friend and supporter of St. Augustine's Normal
School and College.
In fact, he was a supporter of everything good and
we never shall see his equal and we are sorely stricken
I have not done the subject justice but I am glad of
this opportunity of saying that I loved and admired our
great bishop and feel that his statue will loom larger
as the years pass.
I wish my father and grandfather were here to join
me in this, for they loved him, too.
"NONE KNEW HIM BUT TO LOVE HIM"
(By Henry M. London, Treasurer of the Diocese.)
First as layman and for the past fourteen years as
Treasurer of the Diocese, it was my privilege and pleas-
ure to be thrown in intimate contact with Bishop
Cheshire in connection with the finances of the Diocese.
His sound judgment and good business sense were in-
valuable, whenever sought. As an administrator and
business executive, I have not known his superior. He
was always sympathetic and helpful with a laymen's
problems, and eminently fair and just in his decisions
when all the facts were laid before him. He had a
judicial mind. As a presiding officer over our Diocesan
Conventions, his parliamentary rulings were prompt and
remarkably correct. If I had, however, to name the
greatest trait of Bishop Cheshire's character I would
say it was his intense humaneness. His long life of
humble and consecrated service in the Diocese will leave
its imprint for years to come. Truly may it be said of
"None knew him but to love him,
None named him but to praise."
BRIEF ITEMS OF MISSIONARY NEWS
St. Elizabeth's Hospital, Shanghai, has seventy-two young
women in its nurses' training school. Eleven were gradu-
ated last spring.
The fifth Student Lenten Offering, which was given dur-
ing the past school year by Episcopal Church students in
various colleges throughout the country for a number of
missionary objects, amounted to $2,062.18.
An offering of 398 pennies was given to Bishop Stewart,
for the deficiency fund in Chicago by Assyrian children
of St. Michael's Church in that city. At the same time
the priest in charge, the Rev. Simon Yonan, presented
twenty-one persons for confirmation. This is an affiliated
congregation, canonically connected with the Assyrian
THE CAROLINA CHURCHMAN
Thompson Orphanage and
Rev. W. H. Wheelee, Editor
Some Good Friends Visit Us
The auxiliary of All Saint's Church of Concord, came in
a body to look over the Orphanage and also to see the two
boys they have been clothing — Billy Gatlin and Harold
Cook. It was a great pleasure to welcome them. Later in
the month- we enjoyed a visit from one of the Sunday
School classes of Saint Marks, Gastonia. This Sunday
School for many years has given the offering on the first
Sunday of each month for the Thompson Orphanage and
the Auxiliary clothes one of our larger boys, Winfred
Guffy. We are always delighted when any of our friends
can take time to come and see us.
Christmas at the Orphanage
This year the Christmas season was ushered in by regu-
lar winter weather and for a few days the two or three
sleds belonging to the Orphanage were so overworked that
one of them literally fell to pieces. Most of the vacation
was considerably dampened by continual rain, during which
time we were very grateful for our splendid gym and for
the library and reading room. The baby cottage had a
very beautiful Christmas tree presented by the Elizabeth
School. The tree on the campus was lighted on Christmas
Eve and on Christmas night only, in order to save expense.
Through the kindness of Mr. Warren of the Warren
Transfer Company who loaned one of his large trucks
many of the older children accompanied by Mr. Yates had
a great deal of fun singing Christmas carols on Christmas
Eve. St. Peter's Church Service League, through Miss
Johnson provided very nice presents, candy, nuts, oranges,
bananas, and apples for each child, many other presents
were sent in by guilds and individuals. Before and after
Christmas there were several movie parties and a party at
the Woman's Club for the older girls. In spite of the hard
times it was one of the happiest Christmasses we have ever
The Christmas joy of every one at the Orphanage was
touched by sincere sorrow because of the death of an old
and very dear friend Bishop Cheshire. Along with Rev.
E. A. Osborne Bishop Cheshire was instrumental in the
founding of the Thompson Orphanage. For many many
years he has had the love and veneration of all the
The 46th Annual Meeting
The chairman of the Board of Managers has called the
annual meeting for Thursday, January 12th at 10:30 A.M.
It is hoped that the weather will be propitious so that a
good attendance may be secured.
The Basketball Team
Under the direction of Thomas Mott Alexander the Or-
phanage is developing an unusually good team. In a four-
cornered League of Junior High School teams our boys won
their first game against Piedmont Junior High by a score
of 44 to 10. The team is working hard to uphold its fine
Additional List of Thanksgiving Offerings
The amounts received since December 2nd are as follows:
From the Diocese of North Carolina: Grace Church, Wel-
don, $13.00; All Saint's Church, Hamlet, $26.50; Calvary,
Wadesboro, $37.00; All Souls, Anson ville, $15.00; Holy
Comforter, Charlotte, $86.60; All Saints, Concord, $100.00;
St. Matthews, Edgecombe, $6.80; St. Andrews, Greensboro,
$55.76; St. Matthews, Hillsboro, $16.85; Grace Church
Lawrence, $4.00; Grace Church, Lexington, $85.00; Church
of The Messiah, Mayodan, $5.50; St. Marks', Mecklenburg
County, $9.44; Good Shepherd, Raleigh, $50.50; All Saints,
Roanoke Rapids, $35.41; St. Luke's, Salisbury, $61.50;
Emmanuel Church, Southern Pines, $139.60; Calvary,
Wadesboro, 50.00; St. Timothy, Wilson, $16.50; Church of
the Savior, Jackson, $5.00; Church Service League, Chapel
Hill, $10.00; Christ Church, Cleveland, $25.50; Ascension,
Davie County, $10.00; St. Phillips, Durham, $179.58; St.
Matthews, Edgecombe County, $1.75; Grace, Lawrence,
$2.15; St. Stevens, Oxford, $5.00; St. Saviors, Raleigh,
$7.60; Church of the Messiah, Rockingham, $25.60; Good
Shepherd, Rocky Mount, $220.58; St. Matthias, Rowan
County, $8.23; St. Paul's, Salisbury, $7.17; Emmanuel,
Warrenton, $174.03; St. Timothy, Wilson, $3.55; St. Augus-
tine's, Raleigh, $5.93; St. Pauls Sunday School, Smithfield,
$5.00; St. Andrews Sunday School, Durham, $11.19; Trinity
Sunday School, Mt. Airy, $2.50; Pinehurst, the Village
From the Diocese of East Carolina: Y. P. S. L. St. James,
Wilmington, $2.70; Advent, Williamston, $10.66; Trinity
Chapel, Chocowinity, $3.80.
From the Diocese of Western North Carolina: Grace,
Morganton, $190.27; Holy Cross, Tryon, $34.08; St. Lukes,
Lincolnton, $18.12; Ascension, Hickory, $20.00; St. James,
Black Mountain, $13.30; St. Francis, Rutherfordton, $14.00;
St. Pauls, Wilkesboro, $2.13; St. Marks Church, Gastonia,
$50.65; St. James, Hendex-sonville, $31.78; St. Luke's, Ashe-
ville, $10.00; St. Andrews, Bessemer City, $1.80; Rev. and
Mrs. Joiner, Hickory, $4.00; Trinity, Asheville, $112.72;
Grace, Waynesville, $10.00; Transfiguration, Saluda, $5.21;
Bat Cave, $2.00.
Bishop Penick was the principal speaker at the annual
New Year service of Bethania Moravian Church, one of the
oldest churches in the State, located near Winston-Salem.
The service opened with a love feast at 7:30 P. M., and
continued until the hour of midnight.
A special dispatch to the New York Times gives the in-
formation that the Rev. J. Reginald Mallett, now rector of
Christ Church, Chattanooga, Tenn., has been called to be
rector of Grace Church, White Plains, N. Y. Mr. Mallett
is well known in this Diocese, having served in recent
years as rector of Holy Trinity, Greensboro. The parish
to which he has been called is a large and influential one.
The Thompson Orphanage lost one of its most faithful
and efficient workers on January 7th, in the death of Mrs.
Janet Wetmore Mays. She was teacher and librarian.
At the January meeting of the Raleigh Clericus a most
interesting address was made by the Rev. Father Freeman,
rector of the Roman Catholic cathedral in Raleigh, on the
system of Moral Theology in the Roman Church.
THE CAROLINA CHURCHMAN
| Saint Mary's School News j
Miss Easdale Shaw, Alumnae Secretary
j_ , }
Saint Mary's School reopened after the Christmas holi-
days on January 4th. With one exception the entire stu-
dent body reported.
A number of very important events have been scheduled
for January and early February. During the week of
January 9-14 the Physical Education Department is spon-
soring Posture Week. On Wednesday of the same week a
debate on World War Debts is being given by the members
of the Junior English Class. On the evening of January
11th Dr. E. McNeill Poteat is lecturing at Saint Mary's on
China. He is coming under the auspices of the Woman's
The school is invited by the members of the Dramatic
Club to go on a World Cruise Saturday, January 14th. The
"Cruise"' is to take the form of a dance and is to be held in
the school parlor. Sunday, January 15th, the artist Edwin
Key Hodgkins will exhibit some of his works at the school.
Mid-year examinations will be held during the week of
January 25-28, and the Easter Term begins January 31st.
In order to display the progress which they have made
during the first semester, the members of the Physical Edu-
cation classes are presenting a demonstration on February
3rd to which the patrons and friends of the school are
Alumnae Secretary Marries
Miss Mela Royall, for a number of years Alumnae Secre-
tary of Saint Mary's School and editor of this department
since its establishment, was married in St. Stephen's
Church, Goldsboro, on Saturday, December 31st, to Lieu-
tenant W. E. Carraway. On January 19th they sail for
Tientsin, China, where Lieutenant Carraway has been
ordered for army service. The effective work and lovely
personality of Mrs. Carraway will be greatly missed at
THE WOMAN'S AUXILIARY
(Continued from Page 9)
Carolina praying earnestly, definitely — asking God's bless-
ing particularly on our United Thank Offering. Can you
imagine such a glorious condition existing and doubt that
1933 will bring an increase in our gifts? Our material
offerings are far surpassed in power by the prayers that
accompany each gift.
Third. Service with a plan. Under this head placing a
Blue Box in the hands of every woman comes first. A
meeting with an interesting program — not "just to be able
to report it." Surely the Thank Offering furnishes ma-
terial for a meeting full of interest and "thrills." A United
Thank Offering pageant. An earnest United Thank Offering
Fourth. Informed; praying; working; our gifts will be
an unfailing result.
May God bless our Offering in 1933, and grant us increase
in interest and material gifts.
U. T. 0. Custodian Diocese of North Carolina.
His Clergy Feel Loss of A True Father In God
(Continued from Page 7)
others received their diplomas at his hands on the Com-
mencement stage. He could always be depended upon to
be present if it was physically possible.
Shortly before Christmas a member of our staff, well
toward the front in a long waiting line at the local post-
office, saw him enter the building and offered him his
place in the line. "No, no," said the Bishop, "I have plenty
of time. I can wait." In his long and full life he indeed
found time for the doing of many things for others; as for
things for himself, he could always wait.
"A PRINCE OF THE CHURCH, YET ONE OF
THE HUMBLEST OF MEN."
(By the Rev. Robert B. Owens.)
Bishop Cheshire was a true and loyal Churchman;
strict in the observance and the application of the
Church's laws and rubrics; standing staunchly for "the
faith as this Church hath received the same" and yet, I
believe I can truthfully say, without a trace of bigotry.
But above all, I have found him to be a true "Father
in God." A Bishop; an Apostle; a Prince of the Church,
yet at heart one of the humblest and most approachable
of men. In his address to the first Convention after
his consecration he voiced sentiments, that, as I knew
him, were true of him to the end of his days. "To no
one can it seem stranger than it does to myself that I
should occupy this place, and thus address you from the
chair of Ravenscroft, of Atkinson, and of him so lately
taken from us. (Lyman) I can only ask your prayers
that He who chooses the weak things of this world to
confound the strong, may strengthen me for the work
laid upon me; and may I never forget the rule which
our Lord Himself lays down for him who occupies this
chief place, namely, that he must be the servant of all."
Though he was the Bishop, he was the servant of all.
And so, revered Father in God. and dear old friend,
farewell — for a time. You have gone to rejoin loved
ones and other friends who preceded you into the Para-
dise of God. Bynum, Buxton and Sutton; Marshall,
Murdoch and Osborne; Wilkes, Battle and Lamb; Lon-
don, Lewis and Erwin, and a host of others who with
you labored in the Master's vineyard until they were
called to rest at the end of their day. And now, you!
May God grant you eternal rest, and may light per-
petual shine upon you. And may we, who knew and
loved you, so follow the example of your steadfastness in
faith and obedience to His commandments that in the
day of the general resurrection, we, together with you,
may come to those unspeakable joys which God hath
prepared for those who unfeignedly love Him.
Mention has been made of the movement in Virginia
to hold night schools for adults. A report for Brunswick
County only, the county in which St. Paul's School, Law-
renceville, is located, says that 305 Negroes have been
under instruction in that county; some were over fifty
years old; about half were entirely illiterate, and all were
nearly so. The state is endeavoring to lower its per-
centage of illiteracy. The movement is meeting with less
response from the illiterate white people than from the
THE CAROLINA CHURCHMAN
j Department Religious Education j
The Rev. Francis Craighill, Chairman
f_ _ _J 4
News of Saint Mary's House, N. C. C. W.
On Sunday, December 4th, Dr. Barkley who holds the
chair of Psychology at the W. C. U. N. C, gave a very
interesting talk to the Saint Mary's Club at their Vesper
service, on the subject of Worship, and there was a splen-
After consulting with the welfare officers of Greensboro,
we selected 19 underprivileged children in town for whom
we gave a Christmas party on December 17, and provided
each one with useful presents, toys and confectioneries. A
lovely little Christmas tree was glittering in the hall;
candles on the tables and a bright fire on the hearth; and
toasted marshmallows, hot chocolate and tea cakes for
refreshments made the cold, snowy afternoon a happy one
for the children, as well as for the girls.
At the suggestion of our chairman of the Social Service
Committee, bright posters had been placed in every dormi-
tory, asking for cast-off clothing to be given for the Bear
Mountain School in Virginia, where our two Volunteer
Student Workers, Gertrude Turner and Mildren Boatman,
worked last summer.
The Early Communion service on the 4th and 18th were
well attended, 17 students being present at each. The Ves-
per service on Sunday the 18th was much enjoyed. Favorite
Christmas carols were sung, one of the students told the
"Story of the Other Wise Man," Mr. Vache read the Christ-
mas story from St. Luke, and the evening ended with the
usual Sunday tea, and with a general exchange of good
wishes for the holidays, as it was the last get-together of
the Saint Mary's girls for 1932.
Y. P. S. L. at Scotland Neck Continues Good Work
The month of December saw a continuation of the same
high standard of service that has characterized the Scot-
land Neck Y. P. S. L. in the past. In spite of sickness, bad
weather and necessary absences from town, there was an
average attendance of 77% for the four meetings in the
month. There was an attendance of 94% at the Corporate
Communion for the month.
A very delightful social was held on the evening of the
22nd, when the League has as its guests for supper all
former members of the League, especially those away at
college. The supper was followed by a Christmas program.
Many acts of helpful service were performed during the
month, including the taking of a "Christmas Opportunity,"
the sending of a box to the missions at Sewanee, Tenn.,
and the decoration of the church at Christmas.
On December 3rd Mr. J. R. Wilkes, treasurer of the
Forward Movement, wrote us that the sum of $2,974.49
had been sent in on the Thanksgiving offering for the
Thompson Orphanage. He asks us to urge all parish
treasurers to remit this offering to him at once.
The Rev. Eugene L. Henderson, rector of St. Titus',
Durham, has his residence in Chapel Hill. He writes us:
"We have in Chapel Hill a very fine opportunity for a
social service center and I am trying to make the most
THE USE AND NEED OF LIBRARIES
(Editor's Note.— As the first in a series of articles we
hope to run for the North Carolina Library Commission,
in an effort to stimulate the use of books, we are glad
to present this contribution from the Rev. Dr. A B
There is a great opportunity for Christian people in
North Carolina to aid the movement to have a library in
every county of the State. There are a hundred counties
in the State and there are only 71 public libraries. Sixty-
two per cent of the population have no provision for books.
Hard times and unemployment give plenty of leisure for
reading and preparation for the better times that are
About 1900 Governor Aycock was the great missionary
preacher urging his people to provide better schools. The
children trained in that generation are now the adult
population of the State, and an effort is being made through
the Citizens Library Movement to provide a library for
every county. A library is not merely a collection of
books, but needs trained librarians to minister to the
varied needs of each community. Mecklenburg, Forsyth
and Guilford counties have already made fine beginnings.
The books of the Olivia Raney Library in Raleigh are now
available to all the people of Wake County through an
annual appropriation of $2,400 from the county commis-
"Guilford County.— In 1915 the board of county commis-
sioners made an appropriation of $1,250 for county service.
In 1928 the appropriation was approximately $5,000, de-
rived from the dog tax. Service is from main library,
stations in communities and schools. A book truck oper-
ates on a regular schedule with stops at schools and com-
munities. In fifteen months after the truck began its
operations 87,000 books had been loaned to rural residents,
and it has now an income of $18,341 for the population
of 96,265 and 34,273 volumes."
A library on wheels. Think of it! 87,000 books carried
in fifteen months to people in the country. It is not neces-
sary to have a stately Carnegie building. An auto truck
will do the work. The idea of the Citizens Library Move-
ment comes from the fertile brain of Dr. Frank Graham,
president of the University, but the people must back him
During the last year 150,240 books were borrowed from
the book truck of Guilford County. Only seventeen coun-
ties of the State have made an appropriation for libraries
in 1931-1932. Let the good work go on until it reaches
the hundred counties of the State. No better use can be
made of our highways and the automobiles. Miss Marjorie
Beal of the North Carolina Library Commission, Raleigh,
will give further information if you will ask her.
The following item from The C?~oss Roads, parish paper
of the Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill, will be of interest:
"It has been our great pleasure to have with us this past
week Dr. Cameron F. McRae who has been for the past
33 years a missionary in Shanghai, China. Dr. McRae
has many friends and relatives in Chapel Hill who were
delighted to see him again. While here he spoke to various
groups of students on the work in China, outlining to them
the need and the opportunity for service in the mission
field. One of the serious situations confronting the Church
today, he said, is the lack of volunteers for the mission
field to take the places of those who have reached the age
THE CAROLINA CHURCHMAN
NEWS OF THE CHURCH OF THE GOOD
SHEPHERD, ROCKY MOUNT
The preparation for the Every-Memher Canvass this
year included a visit and addresses by Rev. R. W. Pat-
ton, D.D., and Rev. Cyril E. Bentley, and a supper meet-
ing of the canvassers at which Rev. M. A. Barber, S.T.D.,
was the speaker. The Church's program and needs
formed the subject matter at several meetings of the
Woman's Auxiliary, one sermon was preached on the
subject, several addresses were made by laymen of the
parish, and by literature and announcements the subject
was kept in the minds of the people. The canvass was
made on the morning of December 11th, the morning
service being omitted and the people asked to stay at
home to receive the visitors. This suggestion was made
at a Diocesan conference by Rev. Oliver Hart, and this is
the second time it has been used in this Parish. By this
plan a maximum number of people can be found at home
and the canvass can be made most nearly complete in
one day. Mr. A. L. Tyler was chairman of the canvass
for this year.
The Men's Bible Class conducted an interesting series
of lectures this fall on the leaders of the Reformation,
and is now conducting a series on comparative religions.
Men of force and distinction have been secured as the
speakers, each being an expert on his topic, and some
coming from a distance.
The women of the Auxiliary conducted a very success-
ful turkey supper in November, a neat sum being cleared
and the occasion serving also as a pleasant social
gathering of parishioners and their friends. The Auxil-
iary comprises in its membership all the women of the
Parish divided into eight circles. Through its organized
departments it carries on all the activities usually as-
signed to the women of the Church, and works in all five
fields of service. As a 19 32 rarity, it may be added that
the Auxiliary's large and practically undiminished bud-
get was raised in full, and there is the accustomed sur-
plus to be carried over into next year as working capital.
The Executive Council of the Diocese was called to meet
in Greensboro on Friday, January 13th, at which time the
1933 budget was to be revised in the light of the pledges
made for this purpose by the parishes and missions of the
Diocese. It was hoped that no drastic revision would be
necessary, but the preliminary figures of the Field Depart-
ment were not reassuring.
REPORT OF FORWARD MOVEMENT TREASURER— Payments on 1932 Pledges to January 12, 1933
ISTote: It will be noted that there are a number of vacancies in the column, "Amount Pledged." These
will be filled as soon as pledges are received.
Ansonville — All Souls %
Battleboro — St. John's
Burlington — Holy Comforter 1,464.00
Chapel Hill— Chapel of Cross 1,180.00
Charlotte — Chapel of Hope _.
Charlotte— Holy Comforter 1,555.00
Charlotte — St. Andrew's 50.00
Charlotte — St. Martin's 2,000.00
Charlotte— St. Mary's 138.80
Charlotte— St. Peter's _ 6,800.00
China Grove — Ascension 100.00
Cleveland — Christ 179.00
Concord— All Saints 500.00
Cooleemee — Good Shepherd 175.00
Davie County — Ascension 60.00
Durham — Eph
Durham — St. Andrew's 128.00
Durham, St. Joseph's 128.00
Durham — St. Philip's _ 3,000.00
Edgecombe Co. — St. Matthew's
Elkin — Gallowar Memorial
Enfield— Advent 204.00
Erwin— St. Stephen's 150.00
Germanton — St. Philip's
Greensboro — Holy Trinity 1,000.00
Greensboro — St. Andrew's 900.00
Greensboro — St. Mary's Chapel 75.00
Halifax — St. Mark's _ _
Hamlet — All Saints 135.00
Henderson — Holy Innocents 1,500.00
High Point— St. Mary's 300.00
Hillsboro — St. Matthew's _ 554.00
Iredell Co. — St. James' 54.00
Jackson- — Our Saviour
Kittrell — -St. James'
Laurinburg — St. David's
Lawrence — Grace _
Leaksville — The Epiphany _ 150.00
Lexington — Grace 637.00
Littleton— St. Alban's 125.00
Louisburg — St. Paul's 50.00
Madison — St. John's _
Mayodan — Messiah 125.00
Mecklenburg Co. — St. Mark's :. 220.00
Middleburg — Heavenly Rest 20.00
Milton— Christ 10.00
Monroe — St. Paul's 431.00
Mount Airy — Trinity _
Northampton Co. — St. Luke's 60.00
Old Sparta — Ingatius
Orange Co. — St. Mary's
Oxford— St. Stephen's 1,545.00
Pittsboro — St. Bartholomew's _ 300.00
Raleigh— Christ 5,000.00
Raleigh— Good Shepherd _ 2,600.00
Raleigh — St. Mary's Chapel _ 800.00
Raleigh — St. Saviour's _ _ 234.00
Reidsville — St. Thomas' 200.00
Ridgeway — Good Shepherd $ 53.00
Ringwood — St. Clement's
Roanoke Rapids — All Saints 382.00
Rockingham — Messiah 125.00
Rock. Co. — St. Andrew's 25.00
Rocky Mt. — Good Shepherd 2,100.00
Rowan Co. — St. Matthew's 76.00
Roxboro — St. John's 40.00
Salisbury — St. Luke's 1,000.00
Salisbury — St. Paul's 95.00
Salisbury — St. Peter's _ 75.00
Sanford — St. Thomas' 75.00
Scotland Neck — Holy Trinity
Selma — St. Gabriel's 10.00
Smithfield — St. Paul's 170.00
Southern Pines — Emmanuel 378.00
Speed — St. Mary's
Spencer — St. Joseph's
Spray— St. Luke's 383.00
Spring Hope — St. Jude's
Statesville — Trinity 200.00
Stoneville — Emmanuel
Stovall— St. Peter's
Tarhoro — Calvary 400.00
Townesville — Holy Trinity 75.00
Wadesboro — Calvary 379.00
Wake Co.— St. John's
Walnut Cove — Christ
Warrenton — Emmanuel 700.00
Weldon — Grace
Wilson— St. Timothy's
Winston-Salem— St. Paul's _ 6,570.00
Woodleaf — St. George's 46.00
Total _ $47,102.00
Charlotte — St. Michael's
Durham— St. Titus
Greensboro — Redeemer ,
Henderson — Resurrection
Littleton — St. Anna's
Louisburg — St. Matthew's
Monroe — Holy Trinity
Oxford — St. Cyprian's
Pittsboro — St. James
Raleigh — St. Ambrose's
Raleigh — St. Augustine's
Rocky Mount — Holy Hope
Satterwhite — St. Simeon's
Statesville — Holy Cross
Tarboro — St. Luke's
Warren County — St. Luke's
Warrenton — All Saints
Wilson — St. Mark's
Winston-Salem — St. Stephen's
J. RENWICK WILKES, Treasurer.
THE CAROLINA CHURCHMAN
Saint Mary's School and Junior College
Raleigh, North Carolina
MRS. ERNEST CRUIKSHANK, B.S., Principal ?
An Episcopal School for Girls. Have your daughter receive her education |
in a Church School. i
Saint Mary's offers four years High School and two years College work, j
all fully accredited by the Southern Association. Also Courses in Music, j
Art, Expression, Home Economics, and Business.
20- Acre Campus, Gym and Field Sports; Tennis; Indoor Tiled Swimming I
Pool; Horseback Riding; Golf. j
For Catalogue and View Book j
Address A. W. TUCKER, Business Manager
ST. AUGUSTINE'S COLLEGE j
j Raleigh, North Carolina : : : : : Founded 1867
I CONDUCTED UNDER THE AUSPICES OP THE EPISCOPAL CHURCH
| A Four-year College Course is now being offered, including Pre-Medical
| and Teacher Training features. A College Preparatory Department,
~ Training School for Nurses, and School for Religious and Social Workers
are connected with the College
Thorough Training, Healthy Environment, Christian Influences
For Catalog and Information Write —
ST. AUGUSTINE'S COLLEGE, RALEIGH, N. C.
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